The clitoris is not just that part of the vulva that looks like a tiny button. It's made up of multiple parts that we can’t completely see. So let’s talk about the so called hard to find clitoris.

The clitoris is made up of the glans, the clitoral body, the crura, and vestibular bulbs. There is an external (the clitoral glans and hood) and internal part (the body, crura and vestibular bulbs).  It's not a well studied or understood part of female anatomy, but here is what we do know.

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External Parts of the Clitoris

The glans clitoris is the pea-sized external part of the clitoris.  It's located just above the urethra and is highly innervated. It's said to have 8000 nerves making it super sensitive. The glans do not have erectile tissue, so it doesn't swell or grow during sexual arousal. On top of the glans is the clitoral hood, which is formed by the two sides of the labia minora that connect just above the clitoris. Clitoral hoods can vary in size and degree of coverage.

Internal Parts of the Clitoris

A majority of the clitoris is not visible. The glans are connected to the body of the clitoris that then splits to form the crura and vestibule glands. The bulbs divide right above the urethra and extend about 9cm. through both of the labia and down towards the anus. During sexual arousal, erectile tissue in the crura and vestibule will swell due to increased blood flow to the vagina. The increased blood flow is also responsible for an increase in vaginal lubrication when sexually aroused. It's also believed that women who experience vaginal orgasms are really experiencing clitoral orgasms because the clitoris encircles the vagina.  

And there you have it! The clitoris uncovered. For the sake of women and men everywhere, may the clitoris no longer be ignored and be appreciated.

With love, 

Dr. Jodie Horton