Did you know that when sexually aroused, two major glands in the vagina releases natural lubricants to make sex comfortable and enjoyable? You may not even be aware that these two glands exist, but they are constantly working together so your vagina can function smoothly!

Bartholin's Glands

These glands secrete mucus to provide vaginal lubrication during sexual arousal, similar to the Skene's glands. You won't be able to see these glands, but if you are imaging the vaginal opening as a clock, they are located at 4 and 8 o'clock. Fluid from the Bartholin's gland is combined with other vaginal secretions as a lubrication fluid and is slightly acidic. The glands can become blocked and inflamed, called a Bartholin's cyst. Those can become quite large and infected. In some cases, it will form an abscess that requires drainage and sometimes removal of the cyst.

Skene's Glands

These glands are located on each side of the urethra and look like small dimples or slits. There is debate about the Skene's glands function, but it's believed that it secretes fluid to lubricate the urethral opening and the vagina. These glands are also the source of female ejaculate. These glands produce a milky white discharge because of increased blood flow to the vagina during sexual arousal. The discharge is made of enzymes and proteins similar to male prostate fluid, which is often referred to as the female prostate. Then there is the controversial debate if Skene's glands are the source of squirting during an orgasm. Squirting is different from the female ejaculate because it is a sudden expulsion of large amounts of fluid containing urine during stimulation. This is in contrast to the female ejaculate, which is a few milliliters of transparent whitish discharge.

Don't feel pressured to squirt - many women don't! You can still have pleasurable sex and earth-shattering orgasms without it. Every vulva, vagina, and clitoris is different and finds pleasure in different things. 

With love, 

Dr. Jodie Horton